It is often quite confusing what distinguishes between a pledge and a guarantee. By definition to most people both sound the same and are often used interchangeably. This however is wrong because both differ in a wider frame. A pledge is merely a promise to do something. It works as a promissory note but it does not entail binding of any sort whereas a guarantee is binding in nature such as the one which is placed or given on retail goods for example.

Everyday Example:

To make things clearer, the following example signifies how a pledge is different from guarantee and what role does binding have in this entire matter. For instance, a bank has taken two approaches to deal with the mortgage on property. The bank usually gives away a written pledge that a person applying for loan after initial investigation would be qualified for a bond worth the amount he is seeking. But this could vary because under no conditions the bank has obligation or has guaranteed a bond to that person. When such a situation occurs banks usually go for more than one inspection and after that if the financials do not allow the pledge is declined for a bond.

Guarantee and pledge agreement form carries all the essentials needed and studied before actually granting a certain right to a person. In other cases some banks abide to the practice of guarantee without pledge form template but then the financials and whatever the requisites are, should be in harmony and accordance to the bank’s code of conduct. So the mere difference is that of deliverance in actual and just a promise.

Purpose of Guarantee and Pledge:

It is quite possible that anything pledged may not come to see the day light because it is just a promise would could be forsaken but a guarantee is the assurance of the outcome. Both, Guarantee and Pledge are given mostly in bank related issues where you have to secure a loan or payment of security to the creditor has to be done. Pledge or guarantee agreement is also called collateral which is signed between the parties securing loan and giving loan.

Bank Guarantee:

Any person who wishes to invest a certain amount in a business or needs to borrow loan from the bank requires a bank guarantee. It is imperative for the individual and bank to enter in a contract certifying that guarantee. This guarantee states that the bank on behalf of the individual will make settlements and full payments to the seller if the individual should fail to carry out the payment by himself. Some basics for a bank guarantee are

  • The guarantee enables confidence to begin with
  • Investors through this guarantee can start off with their business with the payments due for later
  • Guarantees give the investor a chance to invest freely on large scale
  • Bank covers the amount that has been settled initially between the applicant of loan and the bank, so certain number of funds will be released
  • This guarantee requires the investor to be in good standing in terms of finances. The credit scores, the bank statement, income statement, cash flow charts and entire financial backbone should be strong enough to stand tall for the guarantee receiving.

Prerequisites of Guarantee and Pledge:

The applicant is under by law bound to pronounce following information in written and verbal form before the bank who is the supplier in order to secure a pledge leading to guarantee

  • How much funds are required
  • Guarantee should be for how much time period
  • What are the underlying conditions and terms on the payments to follow
  • The amount need and in which currency it has to be delivered when needed
  • Details of the beneficiary which also includes the financial documentation

Having failed to submit the answers to accuracy of the above mentioned key points, you fail to receive the guarantee and pledge under any condition.

Guarantee Decline:

It is entirely up to the bank whether it will accept the plea for guarantee or pledge. It could be declined for the following reasons

  • The investor or the applicant has been charged with scam or deceit
  • The means of financial standing were deceptive
  • The financial backing was forged
  • Documentation was incomplete
  • The credit scores are poor
  • Previous bank history exhibits outstanding loans and low mortgage value

So these are some of the key take away points that explain why any person or investor per say is declined the right to a pledge and guarantee.


Once you have successfully completed the pledged part you are given the right of guarantee and then bank does as promised because a binding has been formed between the parties. The matter is more than just of a promise which could not be now waived. You all make promises that aren’t fulfilled all the times but that does not and should not keep you from trying your best to secure anything in life.

This story originally appeared on the LegalForms blog. |Photo.Credit

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